Ludwik Szczekacz

Who is Ludwik Szczekacz?

WhatsNew:

Release Nov 4, 2017

 

Release June 26, 20

Ludwig Layzer Szczekacz

A Telephone call from Australia to Californiaswept Jane and me into a research in the Czech Republic. Several families appeared for a moment and then disappeared during the Holocaust. Very few suvivors, many Yad Vashem testimony pages and research in the Czech Republic declared Jane, Dov Kuflik, his sister, Idit, and the five grandchildren of Josef Arieli, my self included, are 3rd cousins. Jane, Dov and his sister, Idit, are 2nd cousins.

Dawid Borejdo Sznajderman

The following story is about Dawid Sznajderman, the son of Abram Moshe Sznajderman and Ajdla Koenigsberg, who survived the tumultuous time of WWII.

Dawid Borejdo Sznajderman

 

 

Marek Kaluzynski

Marek Kaluzynski was son of my great grandfather, Abram Kaluzynski, and his second wife, Chaja Dzialoszynska.

Marek Kaluzynski

Marek’s mother, Chaja, died around 1912 in Czestochowa, leaving his father with five young children;

the youngest, Sara, was two years old. Marek was fourteen years old.

Fela Kaluzynski

Minutes from Fela Kluzynski's Life in Photos

Fela Kaluzynski

Release History

 

 

Important Links

Zawiercie Yizkor Book Project

Read the Beautiful translation by Jerrold Landau



Connect with Czestochowers all over the wold.

The World Society of
Czestochowa Jews
And Their Descendants

Family History

 

Memories, like sand stones
Slowly, a grain follows a grain,
Erode, crumble, and vanish.
Sea waves and wind
Sweep them away
Hurry
Listen to the voices
Collect the words,
The names, the episodes, the moments…
Carve and seal them
In a meticulously crafted pendant
Close to your heart
Allow them to live forever.

 

 

Let Us Start With Basic Steps:

Write down everything you know about yourself and about your family:

  • Full names
  • Date of Birth, Marriage and Death
  • Where these events occured
  • Talk to your grandparents, parents, uncles and aunts
  • Write down family anecdotes
  • Scan family photos
  • Scan Family documents

LUDWIG SZCZEKACZ

 

Contents

Prologue

Jane Nevezie’s Story

Hilda Szczekacz Records

Data Summary for Jane’s Ancestors

The Family Branch of Jane’s Great-Grandfather - First Attempt to Create Family Branch

The Family Branch of Jane’s Great-Grandfather - Second Attempt to Create Family Branch

Linking the family branch of Ludwik Szczekacz to my family tree

The Towns

Research in South Poland, Czech Republic by Tomasz Jankowski

Goleszow and Ustron

Skoczow

Ludwik Layzer Szczekacz and Bertha Robinson’s Family

I. ROZA SZCZEKACZ

II.HEINRICH SZCZEKACZ

III. GIEZELA SZCZEKACZ

IV. HILDA SZCZEKACZ

V. KARL SZCZEKACZ

VI. IGNATZ SZCZEKACZ

RELA SZCZEKACZ nee LABIN

 

Shlomo Labin Family Tree

Meszel Knopf Family

VII. ADOLF SZCZEKACZ

VIII. SALI SZCZEKACZ

 

Epilog

Vital Records for Towns or Villages

 

 


- 1 -

Prologue

January 18, 2014, the following message from Jane Nevezie popped in the email box.

 

"My maternal grandmother was Hilda (Hinde) Szczekacz, born c1891 in, I believe, Czechoslovakia. She married Hermann (Chaim Hirsch) Glaser and they lived together with their children Leo, Edith (my mother) & Slavek in Doubrava, Moravia, Cz.

 

Could we be related? I am attempting to gather information for my family history. Szczekacz is not a common name, so I am hoping there is a family connection and maybe information. I would be most grateful to hear from you.

Many thanks and regards,

Jane."

Of course, I murmured to myself, of course we are relatives. I had never heard about Jane, or about Hilda Szczekacz before. But, as I’ve said every time I research the roots of the Szczekacz family, the surname Szczekacz is a unique name, not because its meaning in Polish is “Barking Dog,” but because all the Jewish people who bear the surname “Szczekacz” are blood related. Their roots were mostly in Czestochowa, Radomsko, and small settlements around these towns. Some families wandered to Lodz and its neighboring settlements. Of course, we have always to think about the wanderer Jew who reached over the whole world.

“Hilda Szczekacz was born in Czechoslovakia,” I said to myself. “Who was her father, and how and when did he come to live in Czechoslovakia?"  

Jane was very enthusiastic about finding a relative, and she sent me a fascinating story she wrote in December 2014 for ‘Kingstone, Leading the Jewish Community in South London’.

 



TOP

 

- 2 -

Photos from the places that Jane's family lived

Oswiecim

Oswiecim

Bielso-Biala Cemetery

Bielsko-Biala Jewish Cemetery founded in 1849


TOP



- 3 -

Jane Nevezie’s Story

My father was Oskar Chaim Wachsmann. He was born in Ostrava on 27th June, 1901 to Janina (née Gronner, I believe from Oszwiziem) and Heindrich Wachsmann. My Wachsmann grandparents were also known as Johanna and Heinrich. At an early age my father and his family went to live in Bielsko-Biala.

Most people are not aware that Oshpitzin – known as Oswiecim in the Polish language – became Auschwitz. Before WWII it has beautiful, vibrant and pure Jewish life.

Oskar had two younger sisters - Grete and Erna. I do not know which was the older one and where they were born, though if not in Ostrava quite possibly in Bielsko-Biala. After WWI Oskar (my father) went to the Deutsche Hochschule (German University) in Brno, from where he obtained a degree in Pure and Applied Chemistry (Chemical Technology). Between 1925 and 1935 he worked as an Industrial Chemist in Poland. In 1936, he began working for Bata (involved in the import/export business), first in Zlin, Czechoslovakia, later in Sweden and finally, just before the outbreak of WWII, in Aden, then a British Colony.

During WWII, he was attached to the British Ministry of Information in Cairo before returning to Aden and rejoining the Bata organization in 1946. It was during his time in Cairo that he holidayed in Palestine and met and married my mother in 1942. I was born on 1947 in Aden (then British Arabia, now Yemen).

In December of 1947 an Arab pogrom against the large community of Yemeni Jews living in Aden forced my parents to flee with me to Africa. While my mother and I took up temporary residence in Asmara, Eritrea, my father left for the UK and USA where he secured a position which took the family to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. There he worked for Bunge & Co. Ltd. (with whom Bata were trading) until 1955, when he resigned and took up a position with the UK company of Messers George Kaufmann (London) Ltd., and we all returned to live in Aden. In 1959 Oskar resigned from George Kaufmann and later that year we migrated to Melbourne, Australia. In Melbourne Oskar returned full circle and ended his career as an examiner of patents in the chemical engineering section in the Attorney General’s Office of the Commonwealth of Australia. Oskar died aged 69 on the first day of Chanukah, 23/12/1970.

While science was the field in which my father was educated, the arts and humanities were his other, equally important interests. Before the war, he played violin in an orchestra (don’t know which and whether it was in Poland or Czechoslovakia), and so he is responsible for my appreciation of classical music. Literature, History and Geography, and World Politics were the subjects of much of his reading material. It would, therefore, seem that I gleaned much information about my father. Unfortunately, this is not so. While my mother described in detail what her life was like growing up in Doubrava, my father was quite reticent (at least to me, and what I do know is what little my mother passed on to me).

I do know that one of his sisters, the older of the two, had married a man whose surname was either Offner or Orlan, and that they had a son, name unknown, who was 15 years old in 1939. I have photos of my paternal grandmother, two aunts, the uncle and cousin, who may have been living in Bielsko-Biala or somewhere in the vicinity until the outbreak of WWII. I believe all perished in the Holocaust. My paternal grandfather passed away before the war. I believe he may have been an insurance salesman. While I believe my paternal grandmother may have been born or came from Oszwiezim, Poland (this appears on my father’s original birth certificate), I do not know where my grandfather was born or from where he came.

 

 

 

TOP

 

 

- 4 -

 

My mother was Edith Glaser, born on 19th December, 1912, in Doubrava. Her parents were Chaim Hirsch 16/08/1871 (Hermann, birthplace unknown), - 1942, and Hildegarde Glaser b.15/06/1891(Hilda, nee Szczekacz, birthplace unknown), - d.1942. My maternal grandparents had a mixed business in Doubrava until the early 1930s, after which they moved to Ostrava.

While I believe that the family of my father was not orthodox Jews, my mother’s family were. My maternal grandparents ended up in Treblinka, from which they never returned. Edith, my mother, could leave Czechoslovakia in late 1939, in an Eichmann approved transport, and migrated to Palestine (and permitted to land unhindered by the British), arriving early 1940. She met my father in 1942, and they were married in November of that year in Tel Aviv.

My mother also had two brothers, Leo (born Ostrava 07/07/1911- died Prague 01/02/1984), who had completed his medical studies by the outbreak of war, only to become a dentist after the war. He lived in Prague on his return from what I think was a labor camp and passed away there. I found his grave in the new cemetery when I visited Prague in July 2013. When the Communists took over in 1949, Leo severed all contact with my mother in the West. Leo never married or had a family.

Edith's younger brother was known as Slavek, born Doubrava 30/01/1914 - died Melbourne 19/12/1993.

As for me, I am a semi-retired secondary school teacher who does relief teaching when it is available. The rest of my time is spent fussing over my family. I married my husband Kevin in a little synagogue in Hastings, New Zealand, in 1977.

(End of Jane Nevezie’s Story)

Comments:

Maybe Edith was in Niska and when she reached Israel she landed in Atlit.

Comment:

Ostrava Remember her City, The Story of the Jews of Ostrava.

Format of albums in the book:

History of the Jews of Ostrava, Ostrava Kindergarten, Ostrava, the expulsion of Nisko, Ostrava during the occupation, and more.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOP

 


- 7 -

Hilda Szczekacz Records

Jane sent me birth records of her mother, Edith Glaser, and her mother’s brother Leo Glaser.

The records, always invaluable resources, have details about additional family members: Hilda SZCZEKACZ, Jane’s grandmother, and Herman Glaser, Hilda’s husband.

 

Edith Glaser Birth Record.

 

“Here is the entry of my mother’s birth, Edith, on the 18th or 19th December 1912. You will notice that it gives also details of her mother, Hilda SZCZEKACZ: Hilda’s birth date and place, as well as the date of her marriage to Hermann Glaser - 17th April 1910."

 The image of the record is difficult to read.

Edit Glaser Birth Record


Translation of the record:

 

Edith Glaser, Birth Date: born 18 December 1912,

Edith’s father: Chaim Hirsch Glaser, merchant, born in Gromiec district Chrzanow, 16 August 1871,

Edith’s mother: Hilda nee Szoz?kacz born in Holleschau district Bielitz, 15 June 1891, married 17 April 1910.

The translation is by Traude Trieble (traude.triebel@inode.at)

 

Jane sent me also the birth entry for Hilda Glaser nee Szczekacz’s oldest child, Leo, Hebrew name Leiser.

Leo Glaser Birth Record

 

Leo Glaser Birth Record

 

TOP

- 8 -

 

A different version of Leo Glass Birth Record.

 

Leo Glass  Birth Record

 

Summary of the Translation of Leo’s birth record:

 

Leo’s Date of Birth: 7.7.1911

Leo’s Place of Birth: Doubrava c 373

Child Name: Layser Leo

Leo’s Father: Chaim Hirsch Glaser, born on 16.8.1871 in Gromiec, Poland

Leo’s Mother: Hilda roz. Szczekacz born on 15.6.1891

 

Witnesses: Ignac Szczekacz, Ruzena Bornsteinova

Helper in childbirth: Brzuskulova

 

According to Jane, her mother, Edith, and her mother’s siblings, Leo and Slavek, were born in Doubrava. Leo’s record, indeed, shows Doubrava as his birth place.

The witnesses in the records are Ignatz Szczekacz and Ruzena Borensteinova.  Ignatz seems to be another mysterious Szcekacz in Czechoslovakia, and I’m unsure who Borensteinova is and how she is related to the family. Leo Glaser’s birth details were obtained by Traude Trieble, a researcher contacted by Jane.

 

TOP

 


- 9 -

Data Summary for Jane’s Ancestors

Jane’s paternal/Wachsmann side:

 

Father: Oskar Chaim Wachsmann - born in Ostrava, Czech Rep. on 27th June, 1901. Died in Melbourne, 23rd December 1970.

Grandfather: Heinrich (Jindrich) Wachsmann - date and place of birth unknown. Died before the war.

Grandmother: Johannah (Janinia, nee Gronner) Wachsmann - date of birth unknown, place of birth probably Oszwiecim, Poland. She died during the Holocaust.

Father’s siblings: 1. sister Erna; 2. sister Grete. They were both younger than Edith’s father. They perished in the Holocaust. The younger one appears to have been in her early 20s at the outbreak of war. The older one was married to a man with a family name of either Offner or Orlan, and they had a son who was fifteen years old at the outbreak of the war. They all perished in the Holocaust. As Oskar lived part of his childhood in Bielsko-Biala, Poland, it is possible that his sisters were born in Poland and that Jane’s paternal grandfather died there.

 

Family Background on Jane’s Maternal Side/Chaim Hirsh Glaser and Hilda nee Szczekacz:

From Jane:

“My mother's family were observant Jews who kept kosher and I believe also Shabbat. My grandfather, Chaim Hirsh Glaser, had a mixed business store. (I have a photo, but when I went there was only vacant fields in its place). My mother, Edith Glaser, told me that my grandfather first established himself as a good provider before getting married, so he was twenty years older than my grandmother, Hilda Szczekacz. Our first assumption was that maybe my grandfather knew my grandmother's family, her father, one of her brothers, or some other family member, and he took her to Czechoslovakia when they married. Maybe they used a matchmaker; I really don't know. What I do know is my grandmother came from a family of either six or eight children, and my mother used to visit her grandmother in Poland. Also, I know my mother, her mother, and her grandmother were very good cake bakers, and, luckily, I too have the golden touch (as well as number of family recipes that were handed down at least four generations) because any cakes I bake are very good.”

The letter Jane wrote to her researcher, Traude, brings out more details about her grandmother Hilda Glaser nee SZCZEKACZ:

 

Mother: Edith (Raisel, nee Glaser) Wachsmann - born Doubrava, Czech Rep. on 19th December, 1912. Died in Melbourne on 15th March, 1986.

Jane sent me a photo of her mother Edith Glaser Wachsmann at age 72 in January, 1985.

 

Edith Wachsman nee Glaser

Edith Wachsman nee Glaser

 


TOP

 

- 10 -

Jane tells:

“My mother, Edith Glaser, managed to leave Czechoslovakia on an Eichmann-sanctioned transport at the end of 1939, landing in Palestine in early 1940; the British permitted it to off load its passengers in Athlit. She remained in Palestine till early 1943, having met and married my father in 1942 in Tel Aviv. They spent the rest of the war in Cairo, Egypt, and then went to Aden. After that, they moved to British Arabia where my father resumed his position working for Bata shoes, who sent him there from Czechoslovakia in 1939. I was born in Aden in 1947.” 

 

Grandfather: Hermann (Chaim Hirsch) Glaser - date of birth 16th August, 1871, possibly in Doubrava. Died in Treblinka, 1942.

Grandmother: Hilda (Hinde, nee Szczekacz) - born 15th June, 1891 in Holesov (Holleschau), Czech Rep. Died in Treblinka, 1942.

 

Hilda Glaser


Jane’s grandmother, Hilda Szczekacz Glaser.

Hilda is perhaps in her mid to late twenties.

 

Hilda Glaser

Jane’s grandmother Hilda Szczekacz Glaser.

The photo was taken when she was probably in her mid-forties.

She was only fifty-one when she perished in Treblinka in 1942.

 

TOP



- 11 -

Edith’s Siblings:

1. brother Leo, born 7th July, 1911 in Doubrava, Czech Rep. Died 1st February, 1984 in Prague.

Leo Glaser

Leo Glasr 1980

Leo Glaser in 1980

2. brother Slavek (Sigfried/Vieteslav), born on January 30, 1914 in Doubrava, Czech Rep. Died 19th December, 1993 in Melbourne.”

TOP

 


- 12 -

The prior data was provided by Jane, and from here on we tried together to solve the mystery of our relationship through the Szczekacz family.

Jane’s story provided some data to summarize one generation of her Szczekacz-Glaser ancestors. We still had a long way to go before we could link Hilda Szczekacz to the Szczekacz family tree.

 


Summary


HILDA1 SZCZEKACZ was born on 15 Jun, 1891 in Holleschau, Belietz. She died in 1942 in Treblinka, Poland. She married Chaim Hirsch Glaser on 17 Apr, 1910. He was born on 16 Aug, 1871 in Gromiec, Chrzanow (Poland). He died in 1942 in Treblinka, Poland. Hilda Szczekacz and Chaim Hirsch Glaser had the following children:



i. EDITH GLASER was born on 19 Dec, 1912 in Doubrava, North Moravia, Czech Republic. She died on 15 Mar, 1986 in Melbourne, Australia. She married Oskar Chaim Wachsmann, son of Heinrich Wachsmann and Janina Gronner in 1942 in Tel Aviv, Israel. He was born on 27 Jun 1901 in Ostrava, North Moravia, Czech Republic. He died on 23 Dec, 1970 in Melbourne, Australia.


Edith Glaser and Oskar Chaim Wachsmann had the following child:


JANE WACHSMAN was born in 1947 in Aden. She married Kevin Nevezie in 1977 in Hastings, New Zealand.


ii. LEO GLASER was born on 07 July, 1911 in Ostrava, North Moravia, Czech Republic. He died on 01 Feb, 1984 in Prague, Czech Republic.


iii. SLAVEK GLASER was born on 30 Jan, 1914 in Doubrava, North Moravia, Czech Republic. He died on 19 Dec, 1993 in Melbourne, Australia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



TOP

 


- 13 -

The Family Branch of Jane’s Great-Grandfather, Ludwik Szczekacz - First Attempt to Create Family Branch

Getting information from genealogy websites is an ongoing process. Researchers update these websites, frequently.

Every search yields more new data. Searching the sites of Jewishgen, JRI-Poland and CRARG for SZCZEKACZ, I found data from the following towns:

Birth places: Skoczow, Dziedzice  

Living places: Bielsko-Biala, Dziedice, Lwow, Holeszow

(The source of the data for Holeszow is:

Monitor Polski Court Announcements
The Government Gazette of the Republic of Poland
Survivor Proclamations & Family Searches )

 

The family data appears in the following tables:

The first table is split into two table to make it easier to read.

Table Part 1:

Surname

Given Name

Maiden Name

Father

Mother Surname

Mother

Born

Town Born

SZCZEKACZ

Henryk

 

Ludwik

ROBINSOHN

Berta

12-May-1876

Skoczów

BOERNSTEIN

Róża

SZCZEKACZ

Ludwik

ROBINSOHN

Berta

16-Dec-1888

Skoczów

BOERNSTEIN

Herta

 

Bernard

SZCZEKACZ

Róża

7-Apr-11

Dziedzice

BOERNSTEIN

Elza

 

Bernard

SZCZEKACZ

Róża

21-Oct-26

Dziedzice

SONNENSCHEIN

Gizela

SZCZEKACZ

Ludwik

ROBINSOHN

Berta

19-Sep-1880

Skoczów

SONNENSCHEIN

Zygfryd

 

Hermann

SZCZEKACZ

Gizela

1-Mar-09

Skoczów

GRUNBAUM

Gizela

SZCZEKACZ

Ludwik

ROBINSOHN

Berta

24-Aug-1882

Skoczów

 

Table Part 2:

Surname

Given Name

Death Date

Town Died

Living

Applicant Surname

Applicant Given Name

SZCZEKACZ

Henryk

Bielsk

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

BOERNSTEIN

Róża

1941

Bochnia

Dziedzice

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

BOERNSTEIN

Herta

1941

Bochnia

Dziedzice

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

BOERNSTEIN

Elza

1941

Bochnia

Dziedzice

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

SONNENSCHEIN

Gizela

1941

Lwów

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

SONNENSCHEIN

Zygfryd

1941

Lwów

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

GRUNBAUM

Gizela

Oświęcim

Holeszów

ENGEL

Jerzy i Izydor

 

The reference record to all the data is:

Akta

Volume / Page / Year

Sąd Grodzki w Bielsku KC - 6226

MP 48/9/1947

 

 

TOP

 


- 14 -

In the above table according to the columns of the father and mother , we can build a tree of the descendants of Ludwig Szczekacz, that lived in Skoczow:

Descendent Report

The Szczekacz family branch, above, which we have just created, doesn’t have Hilda Szczekacz among Ludwig Szczekacz's children.

 

TOP

 


- 15 -

The Family Branch of Jane’s Great-Grandfather - Second Attempt to Create Family Branch

Among my old files I found that several years ago, I got from JRI-Poland a list of Skoczow school records for the children of Ludwig Szczekacz:

 

SURNAME

Given

Name(s)

Date

of Birth

Place

of Birth

Parents'

Names

Parents'

Place of Domicile             

Grade

School Year

SZCZEKACZ

Adolf

6 V 1895

Skoczow

Ludwig

Skoczow 18

I

1902/03

SZCZEKACZ

Gizela

17 XI 1888

Goleszów

Ludwig

Skoczow 18

VI

1902/03

SZCZEKACZ

Hilda

 

Goleszów

Ludwig

 

IV

1902/03

SZCZEKACZ

Ignatz

17 VI 1893

Goleszów

Ludwig

Skoczow 18

III

1902/03

SZCZEKACZ

Karl

23 VI 1885

Goleszów

Ludwig

 

V

1896/97

SZCZEKACZ

Sali

19 II 1890

Goleszów

Ludwig

Skoczow 18

VI

1902/03

 

In the school data,g Szczekacz, who might be the same person as the one in the previous data of Monitor Polski Court Announcements, has six children in school.  

The last list does not include Ludwig’s two children:

Henryk, born in 1876(?), and Roza, born in 1888 (or before), who probably weren’t in school in the listed years.

To account for the difference, we had also to consider the fact that the Monitor Polski Court Announcements list was provided by Jerzy and Izydor ENGEL.

They were looking for family members after the war and probably filled the application forms from memory without having real records.

Later we found that they were not blood related to the SZCZEKACZ.

As we’ll see later, they were related through marriage and might have made some mistakes.

The school list does include Hilda Szczekacz, Jane’s maternal grandmother, and Ignatz Szczekacz.

We encountered Ignatz Szczekacz before as a witness to the birth of Hilda’s son Leo.

The family branch of Jane’s great-grandparents now includes the following eight children

Layzer Ludwik Szczekacz and Berta Robinson had the following children (The birth dates are not carved in stone):

 

i. ROZA SZCZEKACZ was born on 12 Dec, 1888 in Skoczow. She married BERNARD BORENSTEIN.


ii. HEINRICH SZCZEKACZ was born on 13 Aug, 1883 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. 



iii. GIEZELA SZCZEKACZ was born on 19 Sep, 1880 in Skoczow, Poland. She married HERMANN SONNENSCHEIN.


iv. HILDA SZCZEKACZ was born on 15 Feb 1891 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia.

She died in 1942 in Treblinka, Poland.

She married Chaim Hirsch Glaser on 17 Apr, 1910 in Ostrava, North Moravia, Czech Republic.

He was born on 16 Aug, 1871 in Gromiec, Chrzanow (Poland). He died in 1942 in Treblinka, Poland.


v. KARL SZCZEKACZ was born on 23 Jun, 1885 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. He married KAROLINA UNKNOWN.


vi. IGNATZ SZCZEKACZ was born on 17 Jun, 1893 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia.

He died in 1943 in Tarnow. He married ERELA LAVON.

She was born in 1909 in Bielsko-Biala, Poland. She died in 1943 (murdered during the Holocaust). 



vii. ADOLF SZCZEKACZ was born on 06 May, 1895 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. He married UNKNOWN. 



viii. SALI SZCZEKACZ was born on 19 Feb, 1890 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. She married UNKNOWN

 

TOP

 


- 16 -

Linking the family branch of Ludwik Szczekacz to my family tree

As we already stated, all the Jewish SZCZEKACZ are blood related which means that Ludwik Szczekacz should find a place in the SZCZEKACZ family tree we currently have.

Jane’s story and the last tree we drew raised the following questions:

  • Who is Ludwik Szczekacz? Ludwik and Bertha had a child, Henryk, who might had been born in in 1876, which means that Ludwik may have been born around 1856 or before.

  • What is in the name Ludwik? According to the book by Alexander Beider about Jewish given     names, LUDVIK was used as a Polish substitute for various Jewish names starting with L, and it does bring as an example Czestochowa Civil Records for this given name. Given names in the SZCZEKACZ family tree starting with L are either Leib and its variation or Layzer and its variations. I scanned the SZCZEKACZ family tree for a person who might be Ludwig.

  • Given name starts with L

  • Birth date around 1856

  • A person that the information about him includes only his birth record and no data referencing marriage, children or death.

In the following branch, the fifth child fits the three conditions:

Layzer Szczekacz born on 11 October, 1856 in Czestochowa. His parents are Berek Szczekacz and Chana Szmidt. There is no information about his marriage, children, or death. There are other SZCZEKACZ men named Layzer or Eliezer, but they all have additional information about their marriage or death. Therefore, Layzer might be Ludwik.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


TOP

 

- 17 -

 

BEREK SZCZEKACZ was born on 18 Feb, 1829 in Czestochowa, Poland. He died on 19 Mar, 1909 in Czestochowa, Poland. He married Chana Szmidt, daughter of Lejbus Szmidt and Rajzla Fuks, in Zarki, Poland. She was born on 11 Apr, 1830 in Zarki, Poland. She died on 12 Jan, 1899 in Czestochowa Poland. Berek Szczekacz and Chana Szmidt had 12 children:


1. CHAYA SORA2 SZCZEKACZ was born on 02 Apr, 1849 in Zarki, Poland. She married Mortka Wolf Herman, son of Abram Herman and Hana Rotenberg, on 19 Mar, 1870 in Czestochowa, Poland. He was born about 1846 in Janow. He died before 1899.


2. RYWKA SZCZEKACZ was born on 21 Sep, 1850 in Czestochowa, Poland. She died on 13 Aug, 1855 in Czestochowa, Poland. 



3. BAYLA SZCZEKACZ was born on 04 Feb, 1853 in Czestochowa, Poland. She married Abram Lewel Besser, son of Icek Besser and Ryfka Girtman, on 14 Jun, 1875 in Czestochowa, Poland. He was born about 1856 in Klobuck, Poland. He died after 1889.


4. ABRAM MAJER SZCZEKACZ was born on 18 Sep, 1854 in Czestochowa, Poland. He married Mirla Maria Blum on 10 Jun, 1878 in Czestochowa, Poland. She was born on 05 Sep, 1856 in Czestochowa, Poland.



5. LAYZER SZCZEKACZ was born on 11 Oct, 1856 in Czestochowa, Poland.


6. UNNAMED SZCZEKACZ was born on 29 Aug, 1858 in Czestochowa, Poland. She died on 29 Aug, 1858 in Czestochowa, Poland.


7. MICHAL SZCZEKACZ was born on 09 Aug, 1859 in Czestochowa, Poland. He married (1) BRANDLA DYMANT, daughter of Abram Dymant and Sura Bajla Fiszman, on 11 Nov, 1899 in Czestochowa, Poland. She was born on 20 Jul, 1873 in Janow, Poland. She died on 04 Dec, 1927. He married (2) RUCHLA KAM, daughter of Abram Kam and Laja Glauber, on 09 Apr, 1883 in Czestochowa, Poland. She was born about 1863. She died before Nov 1899 in Czestochowa, Poland. 



8. ZENWIL SZCZEKACZ was born on 13 Jul, 1861 in Czestochowa, Poland. He married Estera Wiatrak, daughter of Mordka Wiatrak and Itka Erenfrid, on 16 Jan 1882 in Czestochowa, Poland. She was born on 05 Apr, 1855 in Zarki, Poland. 



9. FRAJDLA SZCZEKACZ was born on 13 Oct, 1865 in Czestochowa, Poland. She died on 01 May, 1894 in Czestochowa, Poland. She married Abraham Kaluzynski, son of Majer Kaluzynski and Laja Dresler, on 19 Feb, 1883 in Czestochowa, Poland. He was born on 13 Feb 1865 in Klomnice. He died about 1942 in the Holocaust.


10. NACHMAN SZCZEKACZ was born on 01 Jun, 1868 in Czestochowa, Poland. 



11. CYLKA SZCZEKACZ was born on 11 Apr, 1871 in Czestochowa, Poland. She died on 16 Mar, 1874 in Czestochowa, Poland. 



12. ESTERA SZCZEKACZ was born on 21 Nov, 1873 in Czestochowa, Poland. She died on 07 Mar, 1874 in Czestochowa, Poland.

 

TOP

 


- 18 -

At this stage, it is an assumption that Layzer Szczekacz is our mysterious Ludwig. If Layzer and Ludwig are the same person, we have more questions and assumptions:

  • Why did Layzer change his given name?

  • Why did he leave Czestochowa where he had such a big family?

  • Hilda Szczekacz, Ludwik’s daughter, was born in 1891. According to Jane, Edith’s Hebrew name was Reisel. Layzer’s maternal grandmother was Rajzla Szmidt nee Fux. Maybe Edith, Reisel, was named after her father’s grandmother.

  • Hilda’s son Leo birth record states that his Hebrew name was Leizer. Could it be that he is named after his grandfather Layzer (Ludwig) Szczekacz? Leo was born in 1911, if he was named after his grandfather, Ludwik (Layzer), it means that we should search the Skoczow’s death records at 1911 and before. The only existing Skoczow Death records that fit this condition are from 1907 (as you’ll see below.)

To verify these assumptions, I wish we could find following records:

  • Ludwik Szczekacz and Berta Robinson marriage certificate

  • The birth records and/or marriage records of Ludwik’s children

  • Ludwik Szczekacz’s death record

 

Unfortunately, it was difficult to get Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for the residents of the town where Ludwik Szczekacz and his family lived.

 

Yad Vashem Testimony pages provided more information:

Ignatz Szczekacz is Hilda’s brother according to the school list. According to Yad Vashem testimony pages, he was married to Rela Lavon. The applicants in one of the above tables are Jerzy and Isydor Engel. According to Yad Vashem they might related to Ignatz’s wife Rela Lavon. As you'll see below, in the Shlomo Labin Family Tree, Rela’s sister was married to Engel.

TOP

 

- 19 -

The Towns

The towns where the family of Ludwig SZCZEKACZ lived are in south Poland and the Czech Republic. These towns are not far from the southern border of Poland, unlike the other SZCZEKACZ families that lived in Czestochowa, Radomsko, Lodz, and in many small villages around these towns.

 

The towns appear to be:   

Czech Republic:

  • Goleszow

  • Ostrova

  • Doubrova

Poland:

  • Ustron

  • Goleszow

  • Skoczow

  • Bielsko-Biala

  • Dziedice

  • Lwow

In the map below you can see in a red square the town Ostrava in the Czech Republic and Bielsko-Biala in Poland. The distance between the two towns is about 87km. The town Skoczow is between these two towns. The town Goleszow is between Skoczow and Cieszyn. (See the map below.)

All these towns are in the same area whether in Poland or the Czech Republic.

TOP

- 20 -

South Poland Map

South Poland Map.

Click on View Large Image to see a full map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOP

 

- 21 -

Ostrava Bielsko Biala

 

Ludwik Szczekacz 's children lived mostly in Bielsko Biala, Ostrava and in the vilages between them (marked by red rectangle).

TOP

- 23 -

Research by Tomasz Jankowski

Records and information for the Czech towns can be found in the site:

http://www.jewishgen.org/austriaczech/czechguide.html

The site has some information about Jewish records in the Czech Republic, but I found it difficult to search.

We decided that the easiest way to continue was with a researcher in Ostrava.

Using the advice of friend and maybe relative, Walter S. Elias, who researched the Szacher tree, I contacted Tomasz Jankowski to help me with the many mysteries and questions I have raised about Ludwig Szczekacz. We decided to try the records of Skoczow, where Ludwik Szczekacz lived and raised his children.

Tomasz Jankowski extracted the following 1900 Skoczow Census records, and it give us a list of Ludwig Szczekacz family members:

 

Flat no.

No.

Last name

Given names

Relation to householder

Sex

Birth date

Birth place

1

1

Szczekacz

Ludwig

householder

m

1856-10-22

Częstochowa, Piotrków gov., Russian Empire

1

2

Szczekacz

Bertha

wife

f

1860

Ustroń, Bielitz, Silesia

1

3

Szczekacz

Heinrich

son

m

1883-08-13

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

4

Szczekacz

Karl

son

m

1885-06-23

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

5

Szczekacz

Ignatz

son

m

1893-06-17

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

6

Szczekacz

Adolf

son

m

1895-05-06

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

7

Szczekacz

Gisele

daughter

f

1888-09-19

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

8

Szczekacz

Sali

daughter

f

1890-02-19

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

9

Szczekacz

Hilde

daughter

f

1891-02-15

Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia

1

10

Kaluża

Anna

servant

f

1847

Bładnice Dolne

 

TOP



- 24 -

The records, in the table above, tell us that Ludwig Szczekacz was brn in Czestochowa on the 22nd of October in 1856, he married to Bertha, they had eight children, and his occupation was an independent grain trader.

His wife, Bertha, was from Ustron, Bielitz, Silesia.

Goleszow and Ustron

The book Where Once We Walked by Garry Mokotoff and Sallyann Amdur Sack places the village, Ustron, in Poland 94 km SW of Krakow 49 43’/18 48’. In 1920 the Jewish population was 120 (according to Pinkas Hakehillot: Poland – Vol. III, Western Galicia and Silesia).

The Virtual Shtetl page for Ustron tells that in 1804 the town became a health resort. Many Jewish clients were attracted to the health resort. In September 1939 Ustron was occupied by the German army, and in October 1939 all the Jews were moved to Bielsk-Biala and Niska.

Ustron’s town website tells about the Memorial Day recognizing the Jewish community in Ustron and its beautiful synagogue in the past.

One of our assumptions is that Ludwig Szczekacz may have been attracted to the health resort, and there he met Bertha Robinson and married her. Maybe they got married in the Ustron’s beautiful synagogue:

Ustron Synagogue

 

Ludwig and Bertha’s children were born in Goleszów.

The book Where Once We Walked by Garry Mokotoff and Sallyann Amdur Sack places the village in Poland 94 km SW of Krakow 49 44’/18 45’. In 1920, the Jewish population in Goleszow was 44, according (Pinkas Hakehillot: Poland – Vol. III, Western Galicia and Silesia and Yad Vashem Archival Material). The coordinates to Ustron and Goleszow are almost the same; the two villages were in the same neighborhood. The history of Goleszow goes back to 1223. The town moved often from one political government to another. At the end of WWI it was under Polish control. In 1910, 52 Jews lived in Goleszów.

During the 2nd World War, in September 1939 Goleszów was occupied by Germans. Since July 1942 till January 1945, the sub camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp was located here.  In "Golleschau" camp the average number of Jewish prisoners was 1,000. They worked in four quarries, the cement factory, in the cable car construction to Leszna Górna. The camp was liquidated in January 1945 when the Soviet Army entered Goleszów. The prisoners were evacuated west.in January 1945.

In Goleszow, where the Auschwitz sub-camp, Golleschau, is located, there is a plaque commemorating 19 prisoners that were evacuated in January 1945, unveiled at Dębowiec Forest on February 22, 1949. There is an inscription: "There are 19 victims of the nameless Nazi terror murdered on the way after the evacuation of the Auschwitz prisoners on 22.2.1949."

Goleszow, the sub camp of Auschwitz, appears also in the story of Schindler's list:

"One of the most remarkable humanitarian acts performed by Oskar and Emilie Schindler involved the case of 120 Jewish male prisoners from Goleszow, a sub-camp of Auschwitz. The men had been working there in a quarry plant that belonged to the SS-operated company “German Earth and Stone Works.”  With the approach of the Russian front in January 1945, they were evacuated from Goleszow and transported westward in sealed cattle-wagons, without food or water. At the end of a seven-day grueling journey in the dead of winter, the SS guards finally stationed the two sealed cattle-cars with their human cargo at the gates of Brunnlitz. Emilie Schindler was just in time to stop the SS camp commandant from sending the train back. Schindler, who had rushed back to the camp from some food-procuring errand outside, barely managed to convince the commandant that he desperately needed the people who were locked in the train for work...

Goleszow Memorial

The photo was taken by W.Knopik

 

 

 

 

TOP

- 25 -

Skoczow

Ludwig and his children didn’t stay in Goleszow; they moved to other towns in the region: Skoczow, Ostrava, Doubrova, Bielsko-Biała.

The town Skoczow is in Cieszyn, Silesia, 53 miles WSW of Kraków, 10 miles W of Bielsko Biała. The Jewish Population was 266 in 1890, 247 in 1910. At the beginning of the 20th century, the town was under different governments:

1900: 

Skotschau, Silesia, Austrian Empire

1930: 

Skoczów, Cieszyn powiat, Sląsk województwo, Poland

 

The Virtual Shtetl site has more information about Skoczow.

For Tomasz, getting the data was a result of searching through many sheets in the archives. The index to all the records where Ludwig Szczekacz appears shows that frequently his name was Ludwig, but the name Laizer appears also, just once.

The following table was extracted from Skoczow Resident book and it describes the extended family.

Last name

Given name

Relation to householder

House No or Employment

Birth date

Birth place

Szczekacz

Ludwig

householder

lives in house no. 18

1856-10-17

Częstochowa

Szczekacz

Adolf

son

1895-05-06

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Berta

wife

1861

Szczekacz

Heinrich

son

1883-08-13

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Karl

son

1885-06-23

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Gisela

daughter

1888-11-17

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Sali

daughter

1890-02-19

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Hilda

daughter

1891-06-15

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Ignaz

daughter [should be son]

1893-06-17

Goleszów

Szczekacz

Karol

husband [householder]

Skoczów

Szczekacz

Karolina

wife

1890-07-14

[Skoczów]

Szczekacz

Ludwika

daughter

1910-06-15

[Skoczów]

Szczekacz

Małgorzata

child

1919-05-20

[Skoczów]

 

  • The son Adolf Szczekacz moved to Bielsko (Bielsko-Biala) (We Have not found out if he married and had children, and we do not yet have a record of his death)

  • The son Henryk Szczekacz got German citizenship in 1922 and probably lived in Wrocław. Searching JRI-Poland we found in Breslau (Wroclaw) JHI Address List 1930 the following data:

 

Surname

Given Name

Born

House

Maiden Name

Occupation

SZCZEKACZ

Heinrich

13-Aug-1883

Goethestrasse 122

Kfm.

SZCZEKACZ

Edith

21-Sep-1899

Goethestrasse 122

COHN

Ehefr.

(We have not found marriage or death records)

 

  • The son Karl married Karolina around 1909 and had two children: Ludwika and Małgorzata. He moved to Biała (now Bielsko-Biała) in 1928. (We do not have his official marriage record or birth record for his wife and children nor do we know the fate of the family)

  • The daughter Gisela married Sonnenschein in/from Ostrava. (We do not know if they had children nor do we know the fate of the family)

  • Sali married Grünbaum in/from Holesov in Moravia. Holesov is not the same place as Goleszów. (We do not have their marriage record or if they had children. We do not know the family fate)

  • Hilda: Married Glaser in Ostrava, as we already know from Jane’s story.

  • Roza Szczekacz is missing from the last children list.

 

Tomasz Jankowski summarized his research with following words:

Dear Ruth,
The mystery is solved. Ludwik Szczekacz is Leizer Szczekacz and Hilde is his daughter.
I’ve found an original census list from 1900 listing Ludwig Szczekacz’s household. It points out that Ludwig Szczekacz was born in Częstochowa on October 22, 1856. The document lists all the children of Ludwig, and one of his daughters is Hilde, born February 15, 1891 in Goleszów.

Ludwig's place and date of birth corresponds to the birth record of Layzer Szczekacz from 1856 (Oct 11, 1856 vs Oct 22, 1856).
Hilda’s place and date of birth corresponds to the data you’ve sent me in the research outline (Feb 15, 1891 vs Jan 15, 1891).

Moreover, one of the indexes mentions several times Ludwig Szczekacz and once (as if it was a mistaken use of his original name) — Laizer Szczekacz.

Sincerely yours,

Tomasz.

TOP

 


- 26 -

Ludwik Layzer Szczekacz and Bertha Robinson’s Family

With the data accumulated so far, the branch of Ludwig Layzer Szczekacz is as follows: 

Layzer Ludwik Szczekacz was born on 11 October, 1856 in Czestochowa, Poland, to Berek Szczekacz (1829 - 1909) and Chana Szmidt (1830 - 1899). He died before 1910 in Goleszow, Bielsko, Silesia. Ludwik Szczekacz was grain trader. He married Berta Robinson. She was born in Ustron, Bielitz, Silesia. She died in 1935. Layzer Ludwik Szczekacz and Bertha Robinson had the following children. They spoke German with their children

I. ROZA SZCZEKACZ

Roza Szczekacz was born on 12 Dec, 1888 in Skoczow. She died in 1941 in Bochnia, Poland. She married BERNARD BORENSTEIN.  Roza lived in Dzialoszce and the couple had two daughters.

Her daughter, Herta (Berta) Borenstein, named after her mother, Bertha Robinson, born on April 7, 1911 in Dzialoszce, died in 1941 in Bochina, Poland. She was single. A Yad Vashem testimony page adds some details about Herta.

Her second daughter, Elza Borenstein born on October 21, 1926 in Dzialoszce, died in 1941 in Bochina, Poland

Last Name

Bornstein

Last Name*

Bornshtein

First Name

Herta

Gender

Female

Date of Birth

1913

Place of Birth

Dziedzice, Bielsko Slaskie, Slask, Poland

Marital Status

Single

Permanent Place of Residence

Dziedzice,Bielsko Slaskie,Slask,Poland

Profession

Housewife

Place during the War

Dziedzice,Bielsko Slaskie,Slask,Poland

Place of Death

Treblinka, Extermination Camp, Poland

Status according to Source

murdered

Submitter's Last Name*

Davidovitz

Submitter's First Name

Helena

Relationship to Victim

Relative

Source

Yad Vashem -

Pages of Testimony Names Memorial Collection

Type of material

Page of Testimony

Item ID

391161

Surname Given Name Maiden Name Father Mother Surname Mother Born Town Born Death Date Town Died Living
BOERNSTEIN Róża SZCZEKACZ Ludwik ROBINSOHN Berta 16-Dec-1888 Skoczów 1941 Bochnia Dziedzice
BOERNSTEIN Herta Bernard SZCZEKACZ Róża 07-Apr-11 Dziedzice 1941 Bochnia Dziedzice
BOERNSTEIN Elza Bernard SZCZEKACZ Róża 21-Oct-26 Dziedzice 1941 Bochnia Dziedzice


The source for the data appears in JRI-Poland if you search Roza Borenstein:

Monitor Polski Court Announcements
The Government Gazette of the Republic of Poland
Survivor Proclamations & Family Searches

Volume/ page/year MP 48/9/1947. Akta: Sąd Grodzki w Bielsku KC - 6226

 

TOP

 


- 27 -

II.HEINRICH SZCZEKACZ

Heinrich Szczekacz was born on 13 Aug, 1883 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia.

Heinrich name appears in a detailed school book of 1894/1895. The book, XXII. JAHRESBERICHT, STAATS-OBERREALSCHULLE in TESCHEN, 800 pages long, is written in German. It summarizes a very detailed educational program. The school was in the town named Teschen, under the Habsburg rule (1895-1918), or Cieszyn, under the Polish rule (starting in 1920). These dates are set in a very simplistic way, and one should read at least the Wikipedia entries for these towns Teschen and Cieszyn. Returning to the school book in Teschen: unfortunately, I don’t read German, but I’ll bring just one fact from the book. Heinrich was in class BI. In his class, there were twenty-seven Catholic children, fourteen Evangelical, and four Jewish (Israelitisc is the term used in the records).

Heinrich Szczekacz moved to Breslau, Poland. He married EDITH COHEN in 1920, and he got German citizenship in 1922. The couple lived in Breslau.

Edith Cohen was born on 21 Sep, 1899 in Neuruppin, Ruppin Brandenbutg (Residents of Breslau).  Her parents were Julius Berger Cohen and Ernestina Peffer. The Breslau synagogue community archive kept an address list of its members. The list was used until 1930-1931.

Heinrich Szczekacz's family lived on 122 Goethestrasse Breslau. Heinrich is listed as a businessman. Edith is listed as a married woman.

Searching the list for people who lived at the same address as Heinrich and Edith, I have found that Edith’s parents lived in the same house in a different apartment:

Street

No.

Title

Forename

Surname

Maiden name

Occupation

Born

Gartenstrasse

31

David

Juliusburger

Kfm.

31/07/52

Gartenstrasse

31

Ernestine

Juliusburger

Pfeifer

Ehefr.

25/10/60

 

Heinrich Szczekacz and Edith had two children:

  1. Eva Szczekacz immigrated to Israel in 1936 with Aliyat Hanoar. She married Avraham Kuflik and had two children: Dov Kuflik and Idit Kuflik. Both are married and have children in Israel. Searching the Israel telephone book, I have succeeded in getting in touch with them.

  2. Herschel Heiberto Szczekacz

Heinrich Szczekacz and his wife, Edith, and son lived in Breslau during WWII.

The Memorial Book of Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933-1945, prepared by the German Federal Archives, list Heinrich and Edith as being deported to Auschwitz.

Szczekacz, Edith
née Cohn

born on 21st September 1899 in Neuruppin / Ruppin / Brandenburg
resident of Breslau
Deportation destination:
from Breslau
04th March 1943, Auschwitz, extermination camp

 

Edith Szczekacz nee Cohen was born in Neuruppin, Germany in 1899. Prior to WWII she lived in Breslau, Germany. During the war she was in Auschwitz, Poland.Edith died in an AUSCHWITZ, Camp.

Szczekacz, Heinrich

born on 13th August 1883
resident of Breslau
Deportation destination:
from Breslau
04th March 1943, Auschwitz, extermination camp

Data from Yad Vashem, summary of testimonial page:

Edith Szczekacz nee Cohen was born in Germany in 21 Sep, 1901 to Ernestina nee Feifer. She was a clerk in a private business and married to Henrik and had two children. Prior to WWII she lived in Breslau, Germany. During the war she was in Breslau, Germany. Edith was murdered in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by her daughter, Khava Eva Shchekach Szczekacz Kuflik.

Yad Vashem Testimony page for Edit Szczekacz nee h Pfeifer

Yad Vashem testimony had an address and phone number in Israel. The testimny was written in 1999. Eighteen years passed and I hesitated to call. Will there be an answer? Who will answer? I called and a grandson, Dov Kuflik, answered the phone reluctantly. Talking with Heinrich’s grandson, Dov Kuflik, I learned that Heinrich Szczekacz and his son were smuggled out of Poland and arrived in Uruguay. They lived there in great poverty. The son married a Danish woman. They didn’t have children.

Again, consulting Adrian Zak, who is a descendant of a different SZCZEKACZ branch and lives in Uruguay, we found out references to the graves of Heinrich Szczekacz and his son in Montevideo, Uruguay:

Name: SZCZEKACZ Enrique

Place of Birth: Austria-Goleszzu

Date of Birth: 13 August, 1883

Date of Death: 17 May, 1951

Age: 68

Plot: Sector: NCI Row: E Number: 2 

Cemetery Name, City, Count: Cementerio Israelita de La Paz /  Cementerio Israelita de La Paz / 

 

 

Name: SZCZEKACZ Herschel, Heriberto

Date of Death: 16 Mar 2000

Plot: Sector: CIDU Row: E Number: 426 

Cemetery Name, City, Count: Cementerio Israelita de La Paz /  Cementerio Israelita de La Paz / 

 

 

Edith’s mother, Ernestina Cohen nee Pfeifer, perished in Theresienstadt. Ewa, Edith’s daughter,  gave a testimony page for her grandmother in Yad Vashem. From this testimony page we learn that the Peifer family lived in Breslau and Edith was one of five children.

Ernestine Pfeffer

 

TOP

 


- 28 -

 

III. GIEZELA SZCZEKACZ

Giezela Szczekacz was born on 19 Sep, 1880 in Skoczow, Poland. She married HERMANN SONNENSCHEIN, son of Alfred SONNENSCHEIN and Sara BINDER, born on March 1, 1876 in Chelmek. They had one son Zygfryd SONNENSCHEIN, born on March 1, 1909 in Skoczow. The family Lived in Lwow.

According to the data below the family perished in the Holocaust.

The source of the data: Monitor Polski Court Announcements, The Government Gazette of the Republic of Poland, Survivor Proclamations & Family Searches

 

Surname Given Name Volume / Page / Year Akta Maiden Name Father Mother Surname Mother Born Town Born Death Date Living Applicant Surname Applicant Given Name
SONNENSCHEIN Gizela MP 48/9/1947 Sąd Grodzki w Bielsku KC - 6226 SZCZEKACZ Ludwik ROBINSOHN Berta 19-Sep-1880 Skoczów 1941 Lwów ENGEL Jerzy i Izydor
SONNENSCHEIN Hermann MP 48/9/1947 Sąd Grodzki w Bielsku KC - 6226 Alfred BINDER Sara 1-Mar-1876 Chełmek 1941 Lwów ENGEL Jerzy i Izydor
SONNENSCHEIN Zygfryd MP 48/9/1947 Sąd Grodzki w Bielsku KC - 6226 Hermann SZCZEKACZ Gizela 01-Mar-1909 Skoczów 1941 Lwów ENGEL Jerzy i Izydor

 

TOP

 



- 29 -

IV. HILDA SZCZEKACZ

Hilda Szczekaczwas born on 15 Feb, 1891 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. She died in 1942 in Treblinka, Poland. She married Chaim Hirsch Glaser on 17 Apr, 1910 in Ostrava, North Moravia, Czech Republic. He was born on 16 Aug, 1871 in Gromiec, Chrzanow, Poland. He died in 1942 in Treblinka, Poland.

In ‘The Book of Chrzanow’ lists of murdered Jews, on page 149,  Glazer Chaim, whose permanent residence was Chrzanow, Krakow, Poland, was murdered during the Holocaust.

Hilda's family story was told in the first pages of this article by her granddaughter Jane Nevezine. Jane has triggered this whole detective story.

 

V. KARL SZCZEKACZ

Karl Szczekacz was born on 23 Jun, 1885 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. He married KAROLINA UNKNOWN.
They had a son, Ludwika Szczekacz, born on 15 June, 1919 in Skoczow and a daughter, Malgorzata, born on 20 May, 1919(?) in Skoczow.


The fate of Karl's family is unknown, but lately while searching the internet I came upon an article telling about a invention of technology patent where Ludwik Szczekacz was involved. The article was published in 1953 under the title: "News of the Patent Office."

The URL is: http://docplayer.pl/45578207-Wiadomosci-urzedu-patentowego.html

Another mystery to solve: Maybe Ludwik survived the Holocaust, returned to Poland, studied and worked there? Maybe he had a family? Maybe his descendants are living in Poland?

 

VI. IGNATZ SZCZEKACZ

Ignatz Szczekacz was born on 17 Jun, 1893 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. He died in 1943 (murdered in the Holocaust). He married RELA LAVIN. She was born in 1909 in Bielsko-Biala, Poland. She died in 1943 (murdered during the Holocaust).

According to Yad Vashem testimony pages:

Ignac Szczekacz was born in Skoczow, Poland in 1908. He was married to Arela nee Lavon. Prior to WWII he lived in Bielsko-Biala, Poland. During the war he was in Tarnow, Poland.


Information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed here) submitted by his nephew, Zeev Knopf.
Ignac was murdered in the Shoah.

Ignatz Szczekacz

 


TOP

- 30 -

Ignacy Szczekacz was born in Poland. He was a merchant and married to Rela nee Labin. Prior to WWII he lived in Bielsko, Poland. During the war he was in Krakow, Poland.

Ignacy was murdered in the Shoah.

This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed here) submitted by his nephew, Izo Danuta Engel.

 

Ignatz Szczekacz

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



TOP

 


 


- 31 -

 

RELA SZCZEKACZ nee LABIN

Several relatives wrote testimony pages for Rela Szczekacz nee Labin(?). The text includes pointer to the Yad Vashem pages.

  1. Rela Szczekacz nee Labin was born in Bielsko, Poland in 1901 to Salomon and Gustava. She was a linguist and married to Ignacy. Prior to WWII she lived in Bielsko, Poland. During the war she was in Krakow, Poland. Rela was murdered in the Shoah.
    This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed here) submitted by her nephew, Izo Danuta Engel.

  2. Rella Szczekacz nee Labin was born in Poland in 1899 to Shlomo and Genendl. She was a housewife and married to Ignatz. Prior to WWII she lived in Bielsko, Poland. Rella was murdered in the Shoah.
    This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed here) submitted by her cousin, Rivka Baler.

  3. Rela Szczekacz nee Labin was born in Bielsko-Biala, Poland in 1909 to Shlomo and Genendl. She was married to Ignatz. Prior to WWII she lived in Bielsko Biala, Poland. During the war she was in Tarnow, Poland. Rela was murdered in the Shoah.
    This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed here) submitted by her nephew, Zeev Knopf.

  4. Rella Szczekacz nee Labin was born in Bielsko, Poland in 1908. She was a teacher and married. Prior to WWII she lived in Bielsko, Poland. During the war she was in Wadowice, Poland. Rella was murdered in the Shoah.
    This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed here) submitted by her close friend, Naftali Shneid.

It will be interesting to research the people who gave the testimonies and to find out if there are living relatives.

Based on Zeev Knopf and Rivka Baler Yad Vashem testimonies, I’ve built a family tree of Shlomo Labin and his wife Genendl. They are the parents of Erela (Rela), the wife of Ignatz Szczekacz. Under the family tree one can find the relations among the relatives who gave Yad Vashem testimonies and how they are related to Rela and, through marriage, to her husband Ignatz Szczekacz. Szlomo Labin and his children all perished during the Holocaust. Zeev Knopf is one of the grandchildren who either left Poland before the war or survived the Holocaust and lived in Israel. I haven’t yet found if he has living descendants.

 


TOP


- 32 -

 

 

 

 




- 33 -

Shlomo Labin Family Tree

Shlomo Labin Family Tree


TOP



- 34 -

Meszel Knopf Family

Through Zeev Knopf testimony pages we were able to built also the Knopf branch that is related to the Labin family through marriage.

 

Knopf Family Tree


TOP



- 35 -

VII. ADOLF SZCZEKACZ

Adolf Szczekacz was born on 06 May, 1895 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. He was married, his wife is unkown and it is also unknown if the couple had children.


Adolf Szczekacz name appears in RadixIndex database for Hungarian genealogy and local history research:

The data exists in KRAMERIUS - the National Library of the Czech Republic

Adolf Szczekacz from Skoczow was wounded during WWI.

AdolfSzczekacz- Wounded

Verlustliste - Austria-Hungary's casualty list in WW1

Surname, Given name: SZCZEKACZ Adolf
Place: Schlesien – Bielitz - Skotchau

I assumed that Adolf Szczekacz was wounded and not killed because his name appears in the Krakow, Poland Transportation Lists, 1940:

There were a number of small transports of Jews (over 6,500 persons) from Kraków to various other locations in Poland during the period November 29, 1940 through April 2, 1941. The material does not include information on the ultimate fate of the persons.

Name: Adolf Szczekacz
Birth Date: 6 May 1895
Date Transported: 29 Nov 1940
Departure Location: Krakau
Destination: Debica
Marital Status: Married
Last Residence: Krakau
Address: Grünstr. 6
Comments: 8742
Transport Number: 2
Transportee Number: 181

 

 

 

TOP

 

- 36 -

VIII. SALI SZCZEKACZ

Sali Szczekacz was born on 19 Feb, 1890 in Goleszów, Bielsko, Silesia. She married UNKNOWN GRUNBAUM. 

The site USC Shoa Foundation has a testimony page by Abram Rosmarin.
It is a slide show of photos.
The testimony includes the name Sali Szczekacz as a prisoner.
I contacted the curator Crispin Brooks of Shoah Foundation Institute Visual History Archive, University of Southern California. According to the curator the testimony page by Abram Rosmarin does not include any photos of Sali Szczekacz,
She is mentioned by Abram Rosmarin in segment 51 of his testimony. I didn't pursue this lead.

 

Epilog

This research was important for me not only because I love to solve these mysteries but also because Laizer - Ludwig Szczekacz was the brother of my great-grandmother Frajdla Szczekacz. Laizer and Frajdla were two of twelve siblings.

In a separate essay, I will try to shed light on the other siblings of my paternal great-grandmother.

 


- 37 -

Vital Records for Towns or Villages

How do we know which records exist for a town in Eastern Europe? The main source is the RTR Foundation database. The RTR foundation is a single online source for listings of archival inventories of the Jewish ancestral towns. The database includes the combined archival holdings in Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine (as well as selected archive holdings from archives in Russia, Latvia, and Romania). Also included are documents from civil registration offices in Poland (Urzad Stanu Cwyilnego offices) and civil registration offices in Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova (ZAGS Offices); the Jewish Historical Institute (Warsaw, Poland); Pinkassim collection of the V. Vernadskyi Library (Kiev, Ukraine); Regional Museum (Ostrog, Ukraine) and the private collection of Rabbi Moishe Leib Kolesnik (Ivano Frankivsk, Ukraine). For more details see the site .

Tomasz Jakowski referred first to the fact that I could not find any records for towns in the Czech Republic. The RTR Foundation database do not lists files from the Czech Republic.
Birth records from 1891 from Holesov (Holleschau) are lost, according the website of the Czech National Archives in Prague:
This means that we'd need to focus our research on the Szczekacz family from Skoczów.
RTR Foundation website list the following archives for Skoczow. The existing records for Skoczow are distributed among several archives in Bielsko-Biala, Cieszyn, and Katowicz:

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

BIRTH

BIELSKO BIALA

ARCHIVES

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

BIRTH

CIESZYN

ARCHIVES

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

DEATH

BIELSKO BIALA

ARCHIVES

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

DEATH

CIESZYN

ARCHIVES

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

KAHAL/JEWISH COMM.

KATOWICE

ARCHIVES

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

MARRIAGE

BIELSKO BIALA

ARCHIVES

POLAND

BIELSKO BIALA

MARRIAGE

CIESZYN

ARCHIVES

 

JRI-Poland list the following available data in the Polish state archive:

Location

Years Available

Type

Archive 14 Fond 14

1933 - 1939

B

Archive 14 Fond 14

1933 - 1939

D

Archive 14 Fond 14

1933 - 1939

M

Archive 13 Fond 2

1907

B

Archive 13 Fond 2

1907

M

Archive 13 Fond 2

1907

D

Archive 13 Fond 2

1914 - 1917

B

Archive 13 Fond 2

1914 - 1917

D

Archive 13 Fond 2

1914 - 1916

M

 

The data in the two tables include references to the same data, but in different formats.

The data, unfortunately, wasn't indexed and is not available in JRI-Poland, usually the main source for our research.


According to Tomasz Jankowski the RTR Foundation does not list several important files for Skoczów:
­ books of territorial belonging, 1901–1907
­ voter lists, 1882, 1903

­ register of residences, 1930­1939

­ voter lists, 1882­1890
­ census, 1869

­ temporary residents, 1910–1931

­ censuses, 1892–1931

­ voter lists, 1882, 1885, 1888, 1891, 1894, 1900
Tomasz raised the possibility that we'd be able to learn more about Ludwik Szczekacz's family from this last list of records.

 


TOP