Mania and Yidl Zaks Family

 

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Release Jan 6, 2018

Fajgla Kaluzynski and Wolf Szperling

Wolf and Fajga Kaluzynski

The Holocaust Had no Mercy for the Szperling Family

Stories and Photos

Release June 26, 20

Ludwig Layzer Szczekacz

A Telephone call from Australia to Californiaswept Jane and me into a research in the Czech Republic. Several families appeared for a moment and then disappeared during the Holocaust. Very few suvivors, many Yad Vashem testimony pages and research in the Czech Republic declared Jane, Dov Kuflik, his sister, Idit, and the five grandchildren of Josef Arieli, my self included, are 3rd cousins. Jane, Dov and his sister, Idit, are 2nd cousins.

Dawid Borejdo Sznajderman

The following story is about Dawid Sznajderman, the son of Abram Moshe Sznajderman and Ajdla Koenigsberg, who survived the tumultuous time of WWII.

Dawid Borejdo Sznajderman

 

 

Marek Kaluzynski

Marek Kaluzynski was son of my great grandfather, Abram Kaluzynski, and his second wife, Chaja Dzialoszynska.

Marek Kaluzynski

Marek’s mother, Chaja, died around 1912 in Czestochowa, leaving his father with five young children;

the youngest, Sara, was two years old. Marek was fourteen years old.

Fela Kaluzynski

Minutes from Fela Kluzynski's Life in Photos

Fela Kaluzynski

Release History

 

 

Important Links

Zawiercie Yizkor Book Project

Read the Beautiful translation by Jerrold Landau



Connect with Czestochowers all over the wold.

The World Society of
Czestochowa Jews
And Their Descendants

Family History

 

Memories, like sand stones
Slowly, a grain follows a grain,
Erode, crumble, and vanish.
Sea waves and wind
Sweep them away
Hurry
Listen to the voices
Collect the words,
The names, the episodes, the moments…
Carve and seal them
In a meticulously crafted pendant
Close to your heart
Allow them to live forever.

 

 

Let Us Start With Basic Steps:

Write down everything you know about yourself and about your family:

  • Full names
  • Date of Birth, Marriage and Death
  • Where these events occured
  • Talk to your grandparents, parents, uncles and aunts
  • Write down family anecdotes
  • Scan family photos
  • Scan Family documents

Mania Szperling and Yidl Zaks Family

 

 

 

Mania Szperling and Yidl Zaks Family

Standing right to left:

Rina Irmay nee Zaks - (15 Aug, 1921, Piotrkow)

Romek Zaks - (24 May, 1919,Piotrkow-2 Sep, 1939, Piotrkow)

Sitting right to left:

Yidl Zaks -(May 1, 1888 - 21 Oct, 1942)

Aharon Nolek Zaks - (1914, Piotrkow - 1989, Israel)

Mania Zaks nee Szperling - (8 Nov, 1887, Klobuck- Oct, 1942, Treblinka Camp)


Lunia Finkel nee Zaks

Lunia Finkel nee Zaks - the eldest daughter of Yidl and Mania Zaks

Lunia and Nolek Zaks

Lunia (1913 - ?) and Aharon Nolek Zaks (1914 - 1989)


Nolek Zaks

Aharon Nolek Zaks (1914 Piotrkow - 1989, Israel)

Lunia Zaks

Lunia Zaks (1913 - ?)

Rina and Romek Zaks

Rina (15 Aug, 1921, Piotrokow- ) and Romek (15 Aug 1919, piotrkow - 1942, Treblinks) Zaks



Mania's children

 

The children of Yidl Zaks and Mania nee Szperling:

Left to right in a circle: Lunia, Rina, Romek and Nolek

Nolek in the Hashomer Hatzair

Gdud Hashomer Hatzair, 1926,

Front, Right: Nolek Zaks with a knitted shal around his neck.

The man sitting in the middle, among the children, is Hertzel Feinkind.

Lunia Zaks and Fredrik Finkel

Lunia Zaks and her husband Fredrik Finkel
Lunia and Fredrik got married in Belgium in 1935. Fredik was a medical doctor specializing in Urology. Lunia studied Bacteriology in Belgium and there she met Fredrik. They had a baby, Luba Finkel. Then went to Russia in 1936 or 1937 as experts. They stayed in the city Chelyabinsk, east of the Ural mountains.

During the 1930s Chelyabinsk experienced rapid industrial growth. Several establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk.

Lunia wrote letters to her parents. Her letters were sad and tragic. Her last letter arrived late in 1937.

We suspect that Lunia , Fredrik and Luva disappeared in Russia before WWII.

 

 




The Destruction of the Family During the Holocaust


Yidl Zaks

 

Yidl Zaks

 

 

 


Mania Zaks nee Szperling, wife of Yidl Zaks.

 

Mania Zaks nee Szperling

 

 

Yidl Zaks, and his family lived on 8 Narutowicz street, Piotrkow Tryb.

During the war the family was moved to 10 Siedradzka 10, Piotrkow Tryb.

Later the family was moved to the Ghetto and they lived on Staro Warszawska street.

Yidl Zaks and Mania nee Szperling, Rina's parents were sent to their death, to Treblinka, on the 21th of October, 1942.

Rina in her testimony in Yad Vashem recalls these horrific day, the saddest in her life. During her time in the Ghetto, like many of the Jews, she was employed at the Hortensja Glassworks, which mainly produced jars and bottles, at the Kara factory.

The following paragraph, not easy to read, tells about the destruction of the Piotrkow Ghetto:

Jews from the surrounding villages of Srock, Tuszyn, Wolborz, Przyglow, Sulejow, Rozprza and Kamiensk were transferred to the Piotrkow Ghetto. During the night of 13 October 1942, SS and Ukrainian militia, organised by SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer Willy Blum, surrounded the ghetto. 

At 2 am on 14 October the “Aktion” began, commanded by an SS- Sturmbannfuhrer Feucht, it was to last for eight days. House by house, the ghetto was cleared – about 1,000 sick or elderly persons were shot on the spot.

The remainder were herded to the assembly point – two columns were formed about 2000 Jews possessing work cards were separated and returned to the ghetto. Those left at the assembly point, numbering some 22,000 people were deported in four transports to Treblinka and gassed on arrival.

 

The source: Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team


- 1 -

Avraham Romek Zaks - the First Victim

Avraham Romek Zaks

 

It began on the day the mobilization of the reserves was announced, one week before the outbreak of World War Two. We suddenly realized we were in grave danger.

Avraham Zaks (Romek), the son of Yehudah and Manya Zaks, was about twenty at the time, and his girlfriend, Luisa, a Jewish refugee from Germany, had told him exactly what awaited us Jews. He did not hesitate for a moment and decided to enlist in the army and fight the enemy of Poles and Jews.

His parents did not object. He rushed over to the draft office, where a long line of men of all ages was waiting, but was sent home and told to wait until he was called. There were many Jews with a secondary education who had the right to serve as junior officers, but they were all sent home.

Romek was disappointed and disheartened; he found no peace in his nerve-wracking inaction.

We were glued to the radio day and night, awaiting a miracle. But a miracle did not occur, and the inevitable happened: war was declared. That night; Friday, September 1st, no one slept. The house was full of guests, relatives, and refugees from Czestochowa who hoped to find refuge from the Nazi occupier.

Romek, pale and nervous, entered his parents' bedroom, and kissed his mother goodbye as if he knew he would not see her again. Which is exactly what happened.. .

The next day, on the Sabbath, everyone in town was scurrying about, peering at the bright blue sky where silvery airplanes were buzzing. Everyone was wondering what those maneuvers meant when a deafening thunder shook the house. As the people huddled around the radio we realized that a bomb had hit our house. A terrible wail was heard in the next room.

- 2 -

 

Romek's grave

Next to Romek's Grave

 

We ran into the room and saw a blood-chilling sight. Romek was lying on the floor in a pool of blood. His body was still warm, but he was lifeless.

Someone brought him water and tried to revive him, but the hand holding the glass stopped in mid-air as the person's eyes met the eyes of a doctor who happened by. Romek's soul had departed from his body through the hole in the chest where, a few seconds earlier, his warm heart had been beating.

This is how the terrible war began in Piotrkow. For Yudl Zaks and his wife, Romek's death was also the end.

The burial took place beneath a shower of explosions, during the occupation of the town by the Germans. The expulsion from the house, the methodical robbery of the business, the transfer to the small ghetto and to Treblinka …. those were the next stages of death, a prolonged process of dying.

Romek's mother, known for her strong character and intelligence, did not recover from her son's death and could not forgive herself for not sending him to the land of Israel after the departure of her first-born son. The father, a good-hearted and happy man, was destroyed by a heart ailment.

I alone have survived to tell the story of the destruction of this family. After I escaped from the murderers at the end of the war, I immigrated to Israel to join my older brother Aharon.

Editor's Note: Another young man was killed by the same bomb. At the time, he was in the Bernardynski Garden, just across the street from Romek's.balcony. His name was Abraham Wajnrot.

Rina Irmay (Renia Zaks) – Haifa

A Tale of One City: Piotrkow Trybunalski (Poland)

 

- 3 -

 

Testimonies and storis

by and about

Rina Irmay nee Zaks

  1. Rina's Yad Vashem Testimony

  2. Rina's story about what happened to her after she escaped from the train that led her and other women to the Ravensbruck camp: After the Escape

  3. Rina - Renia Zaks appears in the following memoir

    Charles Kotkowsky

    Remnants: Memoirs of a Survivor

    She was once involved with our underground, without being aware of it. She relayed a letter from Ala Margules to her friend Hanka Pfeffer that was destined for the underground people.

 



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